Although, like the West Bank and Gaza, East Jerusalem is an occupied territory according to international law, Palestinians living there face a slightly different set of discriminatory measures compared to those living in the West Bank. When East Jerusalem was invaded, occupied, then illegally annexed by Israel, Palestinians living there were granted the revocable status of ‘permanent residents’, rendering them stateless. As residents, they are treated ‘as foreigners’ for whom residency in the land of their birth is a privilege rather than a right, subject to revocation. Palestinian residents in Jerusalem face onerous requirements to constantly prove that their so-called ‘centre of life’ is in Jerusalem, to be allowed to remain there. Such contingent residency has been coupled with constant threats of forced evictions, house demolitions, and other policies and practices such as residency revocation, aimed at guaranteeing and maintaining an Israeli-Jewish demographic majority in the city at the expense of the rights of the indigenous people of Palestine. This demographic motivation is clearly outlined in Israel’s racist master plans for Jerusalem.
In comparison to the Jewish residents of the city, Palestinians are discriminated against when it comes to education, health care, building permits and other public services. Inferior health and educational services provided to Palestinian Jerusalemites, are clearly reflected in their health and educational indicators in comparison to Jewish residents of the city. “As of 2019, it is estimated that 72 per cent of all Palestinian families in Jerusalem live below the poverty line, compared to 26 per cent of Israeli-Jewish families. At the same time, 81 per cent of Palestinian children in Jerusalem live below the poverty line, compared to 36 per cent of Israeli-Jewish children. Moreover, roughly a third of Palestinian adolescents in Jerusalem do not complete 12 years of schooling. In turn, the drop-out rate for Israeli-Jewish students in Jerusalem is estimated at 1.5 per cent. Lastly, fewer than half of Palestinians in East Jerusalem are formally connected to the water network”.
 Al-Haq et al., Joint Parallel Report to CERD on Israel’s 17-19 Periodic Reports (UNOHCHR: November 2019), 74: page 25-26